Modern firearms have three basic groups of components, and each group represents a major advance in gun design. What are these groups? Gun parts are divided into three groups:
The first group is the shotgun. The shotgun is one of the earliest inventions of the human race; the shotgun can be found in almost all early cave paintings. From the shotgun only the weight and the size have changed; it still retains most of the characteristics of the primitive gun. The shotgun is one of the most important inventions of man, used in everything from hunting to killing to sport.
Next is the pistol. The pistol is the easiest of the primitive firearms to shoot and kill. The mechanics of a pistol are simple, and hunters often use them for sport instead of using any kind of primitive weapon. A pistol cartridge holds many times more force than a rifle bullet. They also have the advantage of being able to be fired from any hand; although the advantages of pistol ammunition are overstated. Pistols are primarily used for hunting, as the ammunition used by the rifleman is much more accurate.
Next is the bullet or ball. The bullet is the hardest of all ammunition, and its construction is highly specialized. The construction of a bullet consists of a case (which carries the ballistic material and protects it), a head (which contains the tip of the bullet, and protects it from the air) and a stabilizer (which reduce the potential energy of the bullet after it leaves the barrel). The bullet is the bullet that make the firearm function, and it is possible to shoot a bullet with a greater force than any other component.
Finally we come to the sights, or optics, which allow the hunter to see their shot and help them determine the best way to place the shot. Modern firearms employ many different techniques for improving the accuracy of the sighting scope. Some use mechanical devices that help stabilize the scope, others use reflectors to cause the eye to focus at a certain spot. Hunters also use computerized programs that help them align the sight, as well as electronic sights that help them focus at a specific point. The two most common types of modern sights are digital scopes (which use a display and a rangefinder to show the hunter’s position in relation to the target) and binoculars (which use fixed mirrors to show the hunter’s position in relation to the target and to allow the hunter to focus on a target while not actually touching it). So, now we know what all modern firearms have.
This is a true statement; no matter what type of firearm you choose, if you shoot it you will be hitting your target. The best piece of ammunition you can buy will have a greater velocity and will travel further than any other bullet will. Therefore, remember this rule, if you want a true statement; shoot the best ammunition you can afford to shoot.